2012年9月18日星期二

各式食材中英文對照


麵粉/中筋麵粉 Plain flour /all-purpose flour
低筋麵粉/低根粉 cake flour / soft flour / weak flour / low protein flour
高筋麵粉/筋麵/根麵/高根粉 gluten flour / strong flour / bread flour / baker's flour / high protein flour

全麥麵粉 whole wheat flour
澄麵粉/澄粉/澄麵 non-glutinous flour / wheat flour / wheat starch
自發麵粉 self- raising flour
粗玉米豆粉 polenta / yellow cornmeal
粟粉/粟米粉/玉米粉/玉米澱粉 corn flour / cornstarch
生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 potato starch / potato flour
樹薯粉/木薯粉/茨粉/菱粉/泰國生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 Tapioca starch / tapioca flour
蕃薯粉/地瓜粉 sweet potato flour
馬蹄粉 water chestnut flour
葛粉 arrowroot flour
臭粉/胺粉/阿摩尼亞粉/嗅粉 powdered baking ammonia / carbonate of ammonia / ammonia bicarbonate / ammonia carbonate / hartshorn
發粉/泡打粉/泡大粉/速發粉/蛋糕發粉 baking powder
蘇打粉/小蘇打/梳打粉/小梳打/食粉/重曹 baking soda / bicarb ofsoda
塔塔粉/他他粉 cream of tartar
卡士達粉/蛋黃粉/吉士粉/吉時粉/ custard powder
卡士達/克林姆/奶皇餡/蛋奶餡 custard / pastry cream
蛋白粉 egg white powder?
粘米粉/黏米粉/在來米粉/在萊米粉/再來米粉 rice flour
糕仔粉 cooked rice flour
糯米粉 glutinous rice flour / sweet rice flour
鳳片粉/熟糯米粉/糕粉/加工糕粉 fried sweet rice flour / fried glutinous rice flour
綠豆粉 mung bean flour / tepung hun kwee
小麥胚芽/麥芽粉 wheat germ
小麥蛋白/麵筋粉 wheat gluten
鹼水/(木見)水 alkaline water/lye water/potassium carbonate
白礬 alum
硼砂 borax
石膏 gypsum
酵母/酒餅 yeast/ibu roti
麵包/麵飽 bread
土司麵包/吐司 toast
麵包糠/麵包屑 breadcrumbs
香草豆/香草莢/香草片/香子蘭莢 vanilla bean/vanilla pod
香草精/雲尼拉香精/凡尼拉香精 vanilla extract/vanilla essence
香草粉 vanilla powder
班蘭粉/香蘭粉 ground pandan/ground screwpine leaves/serbok daun pandan
班蘭精/香蘭精 pandan paste/pasta pandan
玫瑰露/玫瑰露精 rosewater/rosewater essence essence
杏仁粉 almond flour/almond mieal
皮屑 grated zest/grated rind
海苔粉 ground seaweed
黑蔗糖漿/糖蜜/甘蔗糖蜜 molasses
金黃糖漿 golden syrup
楓糖漿/楓樹糖漿/楓糖 maple syrup
玉米糖漿 corn syrup/karo syrup
葡萄糖漿 glucose syrup
麥芽糖漿 barley maltsyrup/maltsyrup
麥芽糖 maltose/malt sugar
焦糖 carmael
果糖 Efructos
乳糖 lactose
轉化糖 invert sugar
日式糙米糖漿 amazake
綿花糖霜 marshmallow cream cream
冰糖 ROCK sugar
椰糖/爪哇紅糖 palm sugar/gula malacca
黃砂糖 brown sugar
紅糖?/黑糖? dark brown sugar
紅糖?/黑糖? muscovado sugar
金砂糖? demerara sugar
原蔗糖 raw sugar/raw cane sugar/unrefined cane sugar
白砂糖/粗砂糖 white sugar/refined sugar/refined cane sugar/coarse granulated sugar
細砂糖/幼砂糖 castor sugar
糖粉 icing sugar/confectioners' sugar
糖霜/點綴霜 icing/frosting
蜜葉糖/甜葉菊 stevia/honey leaf
代糖/阿斯巴甜 aspartame/sweetener/sugar substitute
牛油忌廉 butter cream
什色糖珠 HUNDREDS & THOUSANDS
巧克力米/朱古力米 chocolate vermicelli
巧克力削/朱古力削 chocolate curls
巧克力珠/朱古力珠 choc bits/chocolate chips
椰絲/椰茸/椰子粉 desiccated coconut/shredded coconut
涼粉/仙草 grass jelly
果子凍/果凍粉/(口者)喱 jelly
魚膠粉/吉利丁/明膠 gelatine sheets/powdered gelatine 
大菜/大菜絲/菜燕/燕菜精/洋菜/洋菜粉/瓊脂 agar agar powder
食用色素 food colouring
牛油/奶油 butter
瑪珈琳/瑪琪琳/乳瑪琳/雅瑪琳/人造奶油/菜油 margarine
起酥油/起酥瑪琪琳 pastry margarine / oleo margarine
豬油/白油/大油/板油? lard / cooking fat
酥油/雪白奶油 shortening
硬化椰子油 copha
烤油? dripping
淡忌廉 light cream/coffee cream/table cream
鮮奶油/忌廉/鮮忌廉 cream/whipping cream
包括﹕
1 light whipping cream
2 heavy whipping cream/heavy cream/thickened cream
3 double cream/pure cream
酸奶油/酸忌廉/酸奶酪?/酸乳酪? sour cream
酸奶 buttermilk
牛奶/鮮奶/鮮乳 milk
奶粉 powdered milk / milk powder
花奶/淡奶/奶水/蒸發奶/蒸發奶水 evaporated milk
煉奶 condensedmilk/sweetened condensed milk
起士/起司/芝士/乳酪/奶酪/乾酪/乳餅 cheese
起司粉 powdered cheese
奶油起司/芝士忌廉/奶油乳酪/凝脂乳酪 cream cheese
瑪斯卡波尼起司/馬司卡膨起司/馬斯卡波涅起司/義大利乳酪 mascarpone cheese
優格/乳果/酸奶酪?/酸乳酪? yoghurt
優酪乳 yoghurt drink/drinking yoghurt
黃豆 soy bean
紅豆 red bean/adzuki bean
紅豆沙/烏豆沙 red bean paste
綠豆 mung bean
綠豆片 split mung bean
薏米 pearl barley
沙莪粒/西米/小茨丸 pearl sago/pearl tapioc

**转载自网络**

1 条评论:

  1. 非常喜欢你的Blog,让我这个Baking白痴也可以把面包做好。这些中英对照真是好用,让我买材料时容易得多。非常感激你的用心分享。之前面包不能发高,最多是桶的3份之一而已。我換了NONA面粉,用了2次8号,关机发酵1个小时,再用12号Bake50分钟。面包终于高达桶的70%,非常高兴。

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